You’re on a new mission: to install artificial turf by yourself. You either want to replace your worn-out artificial grass or you want to install an artificial turf for the first time. This way you can enjoy a beautiful lawn without having to water or care for it in any way. We recommend using eco-friendly artificial turf to protect the environment and your budget.
Installing artificial turf is not rocket science! You have nothing to worry about! It’s not as hard as you might think but you do need to follow certain steps if you want to enjoy a beautiful, even artificial turf in your yard.
Step 1. Prepare the area
If you already have an artificial turf, you need to start by removing it. If the area covered by artificial grass is large, you should consider purchasing or renting a turf cutter to make your job easier. This way you will move faster and get a nice, level surface. Remove not only the old turf but also 3 to 4 inches of the soil underneath. If you don’t have a big lawn and no previous turf, it’s enough to take the top layer of the grass and dirt off with a shovel.
Step 2. Install the edges
If you want to enjoy your artificial turf for years to come, you need to install durable edges around the lawn. You can choose either timber, metal, concrete or brick, whatever you think works best, but make sure the edges are laid according to the heights of the artificial turf piles. Their height can be anywhere from 6 to 45 mm deep. The base layer should be about 20 mm below the top of the lawn’s edges.
Step 3. Cover the area
Cover the area with 3 to 4 inches of crushed ¾-inch road rock. Spread the rock and pat it into position with a plate compactor or, for smaller lawns, with a hand tamper. The gravel provides a solid base for the lawn while allowing for drainage. You can also use a layer of fine aggregate, like Grano dust or Fine Type 1, but make sure the particles are smaller than 5 mm. When you go to buy the aggregate, make sure you don’t forget your measurements at home, especially the depth.
If you have pets, it would be useful to add a layer of pet waste absorber too. The necessary rate, in this case, would be of ½ pound per square foot. Use the compactor or tamper to pack it. For the last touch before unrolling the new artificial turf, cover the base area with weed barrier fabric and overlap seams by 6 to 12 inches. For fastening the weed membrane in place, use 20d nails around it and along the seams.
Step 4. Unroll the artificial turf
Once you unroll the artificial turf, you should leave it in the sun for a couple of hours, to allow the grass to come to its natural position. Make sure you overlap de edges, so you can make the necessary trimming. Cut the overlapping edges with a utility knife by counting three rows from the edge before making any cut. Arrange the turf into position and remember to leave room along the edges for cutting. Make sure the turf is laid out in the same direction.
Step 5. Secure the artificial turf
Secure the artificial turf with 40d nails, placed 3 to 4 inches apart along the edges of the turf. In the center of the lawn, space the nails 12 to 24 inches apart. Along the seams, you should use them every 1 to 2 inches. You need to make sure you don’t place the nails below the surface, to avoid having your grass looking like it has holes.
Finish the installation of artificial turf by pouring white sand or the filler recommended by the manufacturer directly on the turf. You can use a drop spreader, a broom or the back of a rake to make sure you spread it evenly. Every square meter will need about 10-15 kg of sand. The filler will hold the grass in place.
Bonus tip: If this seems too complicated, you can always call professionals in this field. They will finish the job fast and, more importantly, your artificial turf will look flawless.